Aggregating factors of the change process in the treatment of anorexia nervosa

Eat Behav. 2015 Dec;19:81-5. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2015.06.002. Epub 2015 Jun 21.

Abstract

Purpose: We aimed to reduce the large body of factors which may be associated with the change process in treatments for Anorexia Nervosa (AN) into a clinically and scientifically useful number of higher-rank dimensions. In addition, we examined the associations between the identified factors and eating disorder psychopathology and body mass index (BMI) in exploratory analyses.

Methods: Within a naturalistic multicenter study we administered the Change Process Questionnaire (CPQ-AN) to inpatients with AN upon admission. The factorial structure of the CPQ-AN was explored via factor analysis. Multiple regression analyses were performed to examine the associations with BMI and eating disorder symptomatology (EDI-2).

Results: In total 233 female inpatients with AN (mean BMI=14.9 kg/m(2), SD=1.7) participated. The factor analysis yielded four latent factors: basic need satisfaction, AN-specific cognitions and behavior, emotional involvement and commitment to treatment, and alliance and treatment confidence. Furthermore, greater basic need satisfaction and less AN-specific cognitions and behavior predicted lower EDI-2 scores. Higher alliance and treatment confidence were associated with higher BMI as well as a lower EDI-2 score.

Conclusion: The associations between the newly derived dimensions and BMI and AN-psychopathology provide evidence to support the clinical relevance of the identified change process dimensions. Future investigations could provide further insights to deepen our understanding of the change process in AN.

Keywords: Anorexia nervosa; Change mechanisms; Change process; Common factors.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anorexia Nervosa / psychology*
  • Anorexia Nervosa / therapy*
  • Attitude to Health
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cognition
  • Emotions
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Hospitalization
  • Humans
  • Inpatients / psychology*
  • Inpatients / statistics & numerical data
  • Patient Compliance / psychology
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Psychopathology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult