Background: There is no consensual treatment of locally advanced or metastatic chordomas.
Patients and methods: We conducted a multicenter, open-label, uncontrolled phase II trial of sorafenib (800 mg/day). The primary end point was the 9-month progression-free rate according to RECIST 1.1. All patients had documented progressive disease at the time of study entry.
Results: Twenty-seven patients were enrolled between May 2011 and January 2014. The median age was 64 (range, 30-86) years. There were 17 men and 10 women. Twelve patients had been previously treated with chemotherapy and molecularly targeted agents. The maximum toxicity grade per patient was grade 3 in 21 cases (77.8%) and grade 4 in 4 cases (14.8%). Sorafenib provided an intent-to-treat best objective response of 1/27 [3.7%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.1% to 19.0%], a 9-month progression-free rate of 73.0% (95% CI 46.1-88.0) and a 12-month overall survival rate of 86.5% (95% CI 55.8-96.5). Survival curves were similar in pretreated and not pretreated patients.
Discussion: Additional clinical trials further exploring sorafenib as a treatment of locally advanced or metastatic chordomas are warranted.
Keywords: chordoma; phase II trial; sorafenib.
© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society for Medical Oncology.