Proteins excreted by primary human colon carcinoma cells (SW 480) promote spreading and growth of metastatic human colon carcinoma cells (SW 620) in serum-free medium

Cancer Biochem Biophys. 1989 Oct;10(4):353-64.


The growth behavior of the two human colon tumor cell lines (SW 480, primary and SW 620, metastatic), originating from the same patient, was studied in six different serum-free media (SFM) [GF3, Chee's essential medium plus insulin, transferrin and selenium; GF3F, GF3 plus fetuin; GF4, GF3 plus linoleic acid-BSA; GF5, GF4 plus fetuin; GF5E, GF5 plus EGF; GF5T, GF5 plus triiodothyronine]. SW 480 grew in all of the SFM. In contrast, SW 620 grew only in four SFM. The cells did not grow in GF3 and GF4. When grown in SFM, SW 480 attached much more firmly to the dishes than SW 620 as determined by the time required to detach the cells with trypsin-EDTA (SW 480, greater than 20 min and SW 620, less than 5 min). It was speculated that SW 480 cells excrete proteins in SFM which influence attachment and growth of the cells. Growth behavior of SW 480 cells which did not grow in GF3, was studied using GF3 medium and SW 480 substratum dishes. SW 620 cells readily attached to the SW 480 substratum dishes and grew. Furthermore, when SW 620 cells were grown on substratum prepared from serum-supplemented medium incubated in the absence of cells (serum substratum), the cell growth was comparable to the cell growth on SW 480 substratum in GF3. Substratum from SW 480 cells and the serum substratum were compared for their components using SDS-PAGE system. The SW 480 substratum contains many more components than serum substratum. A protein band at 60 kD appears to be common in both SW 480 and serum substrata.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / metabolism
  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Adenocarcinoma / secondary
  • Cell Adhesion
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Colonic Neoplasms / metabolism
  • Colonic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Culture Media
  • Extracellular Matrix / physiology
  • Growth Substances / pharmacology
  • Humans
  • Lymphatic Metastasis
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / drug effects
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / pathology


  • Culture Media
  • Growth Substances
  • Neoplasm Proteins