Review of PAH contamination in food products and their health hazards

Environ Int. 2015 Nov;84:26-38. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.06.016. Epub 2015 Jul 20.


Public concern over the deleterious effects of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) has grown rapidly due to recognition of their toxicity, carcinogenicity, and teratogenicity. The aim of this review is to describe the status of PAH pollution among different food types, the route of dietary intake, measures for its reduction, and legislative approaches to control PAH. To this end, a comprehensive review is outlined to evaluate the status of PAH contamination in many important food categories along with dietary recommendations. Our discussion is also extended to describe preventive measures to reduce PAH in food products to help reduce the risks associated with human intake.

Keywords: Food products; Legislative and preventive measures; Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons; Toxic effects.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Europe
  • Food / standards
  • Food Contamination / analysis*
  • Food Contamination / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Food Contamination / prevention & control
  • Government Regulation
  • Hazardous Substances / analysis*
  • Humans
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / analysis*
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons / toxicity


  • Hazardous Substances
  • Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons