Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to describe our experience with management of chronic tinnitus and to review the recent literature on the best treatment options available for treating patients who are troubled by their tinnitus. In addition, we want to highlight our experience and approach to this very common problem.
Recent findings: Treatment options for patients are based on the severity of the tinnitus and any associated problems. The use of nutritional supplements has a place in the treatment of mild-to-moderate tinnitus. Ginkgo biloba and B-complex vitamins may have an impact on selected patients. Treatment of underlying or accompanying anxiety disorders especially with cognitive behavior therapy can help to reduce the distress associated with tinnitus. Surgical treatment options, such as cochlear implant, have been shown to be very effective in reducing tinnitus in patients with sudden unilateral hearing loss as the cause of tinnitus. Other surgical approaches, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and vagal stimulator, have had some limited benefits.
Summary: Treatment for subjective tinnitus can range from the conventional to the investigational modalities. Best treatment options take into account the possible cause of the tinnitus and other associated symptoms.