Evidence-Based Psychological Treatments of Pediatric Mental Disorders

Adv Pediatr. 2015 Aug;62(1):165-84. doi: 10.1016/j.yapd.2015.04.007.


With many youth presenting to primary care settings for mental health difficulties, knowledge of the respective evidence-based psychotherapies is imperative in ensuring that these youth receive the appropriate interventions in a timely manner. Most frequently, children present with internalizing and/or externalizing disorders, which cover a broad range of common pediatric mental disorders. Treatments of these disorders generally incorporate cognitive and/or behavioral components, which are derived from theoretical underpinnings and empirical support. Although the interventions share common components, they are distinctive in nature and are further tailored toward the idiosyncratic needs of children and their families. Careful consideration of the apposite intervention and individual needs of youth are pertinent to the effective amelioration of symptomology.

Keywords: Externalizing disorders; Internalizing disorders; Pediatric mental disorders; Psychological treatment.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Evidence-Based Medicine / methods*
  • Humans
  • Mental Disorders / therapy*
  • Mental Health Services / organization & administration*
  • Primary Health Care*