Vaginal Uterine Morcellation Within a Specimen Containment System: A Study of Bag Integrity

J Minim Invasive Gynecol. Nov-Dec 2015;22(7):1244-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jmig.2015.07.007. Epub 2015 Jul 20.

Abstract

Study objective: To evaluate the integrity of the endoscopic bag after transvaginal in-bag morcellation of uteri that need to be removed by vaginal morcellation during total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH).

Design: Prospective pilot study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2).

Setting: University hospital.

Patients: Twelve patients with uteri that needed to be removed and who required vaginal morcellation underwent TLH from September 2014 to February 2015, without suspected or confirmed malignancy.

Interventions: After transvaginal in-bag morcellation of uteri at the end of TLH, careful visual inspection of the endoscopic pouch, using diluted methylene blue, was carried out, highlighting any minimal bag damage.

Measurements and main results: No gross rupture was encountered after morcellation; however, 4 minimal ruptures were recognized (33%) after filling up the bag with diluted methylene blue.

Conclusions: Minimal lesions of the bag may occur after transvaginal morcellation of uteri that need to be removed by vaginal morcellation; this may potentially affect the spread of cancer cells into the abdominal cavity.

Keywords: Endobag; Total laparoscopic hysterectomy; Vaginal morcellation.

MeSH terms

  • Containment of Biohazards / instrumentation
  • Containment of Biohazards / methods*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hysterectomy*
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Morcellation*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Prospective Studies
  • Specimen Handling*
  • Uterus / pathology*
  • Uterus / surgery
  • Vagina / pathology*
  • Vagina / surgery