dendextend: an R package for visualizing, adjusting and comparing trees of hierarchical clustering

Bioinformatics. 2015 Nov 15;31(22):3718-20. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btv428. Epub 2015 Jul 23.


dendextend is an R package for creating and comparing visually appealing tree diagrams. dendextend provides utility functions for manipulating dendrogram objects (their color, shape and content) as well as several advanced methods for comparing trees to one another (both statistically and visually). As such, dendextend offers a flexible framework for enhancing R's rich ecosystem of packages for performing hierarchical clustering of items.

Availability and implementation: The dendextend R package (including detailed introductory vignettes) is available under the GPL-2 Open Source license and is freely available to download from CRAN at: (


Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Cluster Analysis
  • Phylogeny*
  • Software*