Preventing Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2015 Aug;62(4):857-71. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2015.04.002. Epub 2015 May 30.


Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). This article examines the factors associated with DKA in children with T1DM, both at first presentation and in recurrent cases. The challenge for future research is to find effective ways to improve primary care physician and general community awareness of T1DM to reduce DKA at presentation and develop practical, cost-effective programs to reduce recurrent DKA.

Keywords: Diabetic ketoacidosis; Education; Girls; Noncompliance; Prevention; Recurrent; Type 1 diabetes mellitus.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 / complications*
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / complications
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / etiology*
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors