Current Status of Simulation-Based Training in Graduate Medical Education

Surg Clin North Am. 2015 Aug;95(4):767-79. doi: 10.1016/j.suc.2015.04.009. Epub 2015 May 23.


The use of simulation in Graduate Medical Education has evolved significantly over time, particularly during the past decade. The applications of simulation include introductory and basic technical skills, more advanced technical skills, and nontechnical skills, and simulation is gaining acceptance in high-stakes assessments. Simulation-based training has also brought about paradigm shifts in the medical and surgical education arenas and has borne new and exciting national and local consortia that will ensure that the scope and impact of simulation will continue to broaden.

Keywords: Nontechnical skills; Proficiency-based training; Simulation; Technical skills; Virtual reality.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Accreditation
  • Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic / education
  • Clinical Competence
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Curriculum
  • Education, Medical, Graduate*
  • General Surgery / education*
  • Humans
  • Internship and Residency
  • Manikins*
  • Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures / education
  • Patient Simulation*
  • Specialty Boards
  • User-Computer Interface