Mutations in human IFT140 cause non-syndromic retinal degeneration

Hum Genet. 2015 Oct;134(10):1069-78. doi: 10.1007/s00439-015-1586-x. Epub 2015 Jul 28.


Leber congenital amaurosis (LCA) and retinitis pigmentosa (RP) are two genetically heterogeneous retinal degenerative disorders. Despite the identification of a number of genes involved in LCA and RP, the genetic etiology remains unknown in many patients. In this study, we aimed to identify novel disease-causing genes of LCA and RP. Retinal capture sequencing was initially performed to screen mutations in known disease-causing genes in different cohorts of LCA and RP patients. For patients with negative results, we performed whole exome sequencing and applied a series of variant filtering strategies. Sanger sequencing was done to validate candidate causative IFT140 variants. Exome sequencing data analysis led to the identification of IFT140 variants in multiple unrelated non-syndromic LCA and RP cases. All the variants are extremely rare and predicted to be damaging. All the variants passed Sanger validation and segregation tests provided that the family members' DNA was available. The results expand the phenotype spectrum of IFT140 mutations to non-syndromic retinal degeneration, thus extending our understanding of intraflagellar transport and primary cilia biology in the retina. This work also improves the molecular diagnosis of retinal degenerative disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics*
  • Child
  • Female
  • Genetic Association Studies
  • Humans
  • Leber Congenital Amaurosis / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Pedigree
  • Retinitis Pigmentosa / genetics*


  • Carrier Proteins
  • IFT140 protein, human