Generational Solidarity in Europe and Israel

Can J Aging. 2015 Sep;34(3):342-55. doi: 10.1017/S0714980815000197.


This study explored various dimensions of generational relationships between older parents and their adult children using the second wave of SHARE (Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe), comparing it to Dykstra's and Fokkema's (2011) analyses of the first wave. Results were further compared to the OASIS study (Old Age and Autonomy: The Role of Service Systems and Intergenerational Solidarity). The intergenerational solidarity model served as the main conceptual framework. Analyses yielded four family relationship types present in all countries, albeit with different frequencies. Around half of the respondents in the 11 countries were identified with close ties and flow of support. Four conclusions were drawn: (1) importance of personal resources; (2) cultural differences and meanings for families; (3) highlighting within-country difference; and (4) strength of intergenerational solidarity. The importance of understanding generational relationships in the current era with higher longevity and changing family structures is emphasized and explicated.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Adult Children / psychology*
  • Aged
  • Aging / physiology*
  • Child
  • Europe
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Intergenerational Relations*
  • Israel
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations*
  • Parents / psychology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires