Maps of interaural delay in the owl's nucleus laminaris

J Neurophysiol. 2015 Sep;114(3):1862-73. doi: 10.1152/jn.00644.2015. Epub 2015 Jul 29.


Axons from the nucleus magnocellularis form a presynaptic map of interaural time differences (ITDs) in the nucleus laminaris (NL). These inputs generate a field potential that varies systematically with recording position and can be used to measure the map of ITDs. In the barn owl, the representation of best ITD shifts with mediolateral position in NL, so as to form continuous, smoothly overlapping maps of ITD with iso-ITD contours that are not parallel to the NL border. Frontal space (0°) is, however, represented throughout and thus overrepresented with respect to the periphery. Measurements of presynaptic conduction delay, combined with a model of delay line conduction velocity, reveal that conduction delays can account for the mediolateral shifts in the map of ITD.

Keywords: auditory; interaural time difference; local field potential; neurophonic; phase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Axons / physiology
  • Brain Stem / physiology*
  • Female
  • Male
  • Reaction Time*
  • Spatial Navigation*
  • Strigiformes
  • Synaptic Transmission