Analysis of MC4R rs17782313, POMC rs1042571, APOE-Hha1 and AGRP rs3412352 genetic variants with susceptibility to obesity risk in North Indians

Ann Hum Biol. 2016 May;43(3):285-8. doi: 10.3109/03014460.2015.1061597. Epub 2015 Jul 31.


Background: Obesity is a multi-factorial disorder influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The physiological pathways associated with obesity are complex and involve several genes.

Aim: The aim of this survey is to evaluate the association of genetic variants of melanocortin-4-receptor (MC4R), pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), apolipoprotein E (APOE) and agouti-related protein (AGRP) with obesity in the North Indian population.

Methods: MC4R rs17782313, POMC rs1042571, APOE-Hha1 and AGRP rs3412352 polymorphisms were investigated for their association in 396 obese individuals with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2) and 300 healthy non-obese individuals with BMI < 30 kg/m(2). Genotyping was performed using Taqman probes and PCR-RFLP methods. Single locus logistic regression analysis was conducted using (SPSS), ver.19 and PLINK software Version 1.01 and high order genetic interactions associated with obesity risk were analysed using MDR software (version

Results: The genotypes of MC4R rs17782313, POMC rs1042571 and APOE-Hha1 were significantly associated with obese individuals (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) when compared with non-obese individuals (BMI < 30 kg/m(2)). No association of AGRP rs34123523 was seen with obesity.

Conclusions: The best interaction model for predicting obesity risk by MDR analysis was the three factor model including POMC (C > T), MC4R (T > C) and APOE (Hha1) polymorphisms. Genetic variants in MC4R, POMC and APOE genes might play significant roles in predisposing obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m(2)) in the North Indian population.

Keywords: Heterogeneous disorder; multifactor dimensionality reduction; predisposition.

MeSH terms

  • Agouti-Related Protein / genetics*
  • Alleles
  • Apolipoproteins E / genetics*
  • Body Mass Index
  • Gene Frequency / genetics
  • Genetic Loci
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Logistic Models
  • Multifactor Dimensionality Reduction
  • Obesity / genetics*
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide / genetics*
  • Pro-Opiomelanocortin / genetics*
  • Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 4 / genetics*
  • Risk Factors
  • Software


  • AGRP protein, human
  • Agouti-Related Protein
  • Apolipoproteins E
  • Receptor, Melanocortin, Type 4
  • Pro-Opiomelanocortin