The Prevalence of Clinically Significant Ischemia in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Report from the Multicenter Registry

PLoS One. 2015 Jul 31;10(7):e0133568. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0133568. eCollection 2015.

Abstract

Background: Myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS) plays an important role in the evaluation and quantification of myocardial ischemia, and those with significant ischemia (SI) benefit most from revascularization procedures. This study aimed to identify the clinical factors and anatomical features associated with SI in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD).

Methods and results: Data were analyzed from 4197 SIHD patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Ischemia was based on MPS findings prior to PCI, with SI defined as an ischemic region of more than 10% of the total left ventricular area. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify any clinical factors associated with SI. MPS was used to evaluate 1070 (25.5%) patients pre-procedurally. Patients with a history of heart failure, stroke, or anginal symptoms with Canadian Cardiovascular Society class 2 or more were more likely to have SI (odds ratio [OR] 1.63, p = 0.025, OR: 1.85, p = 0.009, and OR: 1.49, p = 0.003, respectively). When angiographic variables were considered, a proximal left anterior descending artery (pLAD) lesion was the sole factor associated with SI (OR: 1.45, p = 0.012). Importantly, those with SI had more in-hospital complications (p = 0.006), most notably post-PCI infarcts (p = 0.008).

Conclusions: Patients' background data, such as stronger anginal symptoms or a pLAD lesion, were associated with SI. Patients with SI must be treated with PCI to improve their long-term prognosis; however, procedure-related complications happen more frequently in SI patients than in non-SI patients. Physicians must give their full attention when performing the PCI procedure in SI patients to minimize their complication rate.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Ischemia / surgery*
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention*
  • Registries*

Grants and funding

This research was supported by a grant from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology, Japan (KAKENHI No. 21790751) (to S.K.), https://www.jsps.go.jp/j-grantsinaid/.