Functional and genomic diversity of methylotrophic Rhodocyclaceae: description of Methyloversatilis discipulorum sp. nov

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2015 Jul;65(7):2227-2233. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.000190.

Abstract

Three strains of methylotrophic Rhodocyclaceae (FAM1(T), RZ18-153 and RZ94) isolated from Lake Washington sediment samples were characterized. Based on phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequences the strains should be assigned to the genus Methyloversatilis. Similarly to other members of the family, the strains show broad metabolic capabilities and are able to utilize a number of organic acids, alcohols and aromatic compounds in addition to methanol and methylamine. The main fatty acids were 16:1ω7c (49-59%) and 16:0 (32-29%). Genomes of all isolates were sequenced, assembled and annotated in collaboration with the DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI). Genome comparison revealed that the strains FAM1T, RZ18-153 and RZ94 are closely related to each other and almost equally distant from two previously described species of the genus Methyloversatilis, Methyloversatilis universalis and Methyloversatilis thermotolerans. Like other methylotrophic species of the genus Methyloversatilis, all three strains possess one-subunit PQQ-dependent ethanol/methanol dehydrogenase (Mdh-2), the N-methylglutamate pathway and the serine cycle (isocitrate lyase/malate synthase, Icl/ms(+) variant). Like M. universalis, strains FAM1(T), RZ18-153 and RZ94 have a quinohemoprotein amine dehydrogenase, a tungsten-containing formaldehyde ferredoxin oxidoreductase, phenol hydroxylase, and the complete Calvin cycle. Similarly to M. thermotolerans, the three strains possess two-subunit methanol dehydrogenase (MxaFI), monoamine oxidase (MAO) and nitrogenase. Based on the phenotypic and genomic data, the strains FAM1(T), RZ18-153 and RZ94 represent a novel species of the genus Methyloversatilis, for which the name Methyloversatilis discipulorum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is FAM1(T) ( = JCM 30542(T) = VKM = B-2888(T)).

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases / chemistry
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Genomics
  • Geologic Sediments / microbiology*
  • Lakes / microbiology
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny*
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Rhodocyclaceae / classification*
  • Rhodocyclaceae / genetics
  • Rhodocyclaceae / isolation & purification
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Washington

Substances

  • DNA, Bacterial
  • Fatty Acids
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Alcohol Oxidoreductases
  • alcohol dehydrogenase (acceptor)