Gut-Brain Endocrine Axes in Weight Regulation and Obesity Pharmacotherapy

J Clin Med. 2014 Jul 15;3(3):763-94. doi: 10.3390/jcm3030763.


In recent years, the obesity epidemic has developed into a major health crisis both in the United States as well as throughout the developed world. With current treatments limited to expensive, high-risk surgery and minimally efficacious pharmacotherapy, new therapeutic options are urgently needed to combat this alarming trend. This review focuses on the endogenous gut-brain signaling axes that regulate appetite under physiological conditions, and discusses their clinical relevance by summarizing the clinical and preclinical studies that have investigated manipulation of these pathways to treat obesity.

Keywords: gut-brain endocrine axis; hypothalamus; obesity; pharmacotherapy; satiety.

Publication types

  • Review