This study evaluated the effects of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 polymorphisms on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics when coadministered with voriconazole. Eighteen healthy volunteers, including 6 individuals in each CYP2C19 genotype (extensive metabolizers [EMs], intermediate metabolizers [IMs], and poor metabolizers [PMs]), received a single oral dose of 3 mg tacrolimus alone or in combination with 200 mg voriconazole twice daily at steady state. When tacrolimus was coadministered with voriconazole, a significant increase in area under its concentration-time curve (AUC0-24 ) was observed for all genotypes. AUC0-12 of voriconazole in IMs and PMs were significantly higher than that in EMs (P < .05 and P < .01, respectively). Consequently, AUC0-24 of tacrolimus in combination with voriconazole in IMs and PMs were also significantly higher than that in EMs (P < .05). These results demonstrate that CYP2C19 genotypes influenced the exposure of tacrolimus when coadministered with voriconazole, although tacrolimus is mainly metabolized by CYP3A.
Keywords: CYP2C19 polymorphism; CYP3A; drug interaction; tacrolimus; voriconazole.
© 2015, The Authors. The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American College of Clinical Pharmacology.