Diagnosis of Atopic Dermatitis: Mimics, Overlaps, and Complications

J Clin Med. 2015 May 6;4(5):884-917. doi: 10.3390/jcm4050884.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is one of the most common skin diseases affecting infants and children. A smaller subset of adults has persistent or new-onset AD. AD is characterized by pruritus, erythema, induration, and scale, but these features are also typical of several other conditions that can mimic, coexist with, or complicate AD. These include inflammatory skin conditions, infections, infestations, malignancies, genetic disorders, immunodeficiency disorders, nutritional disorders, graft-versus-host disease, and drug eruptions. Familiarity of the spectrum of these diseases and their distinguishing features is critical for correct and timely diagnosis and optimal treatment.

Keywords: adolescent; adult; atopic dermatitis; child; differential diagnosis; eczema; eczema coxsackium; eczema herpeticum; immunodeficiency; psoriasis; seborrheic dermatitis.

Publication types

  • Review