Aim: To assess the effect of a 5-day structured education course (Kids in Control of Food; KICk-OFF) on biomedical and psychological outcomes in young people with Type 1 diabetes.
Methods: This was a cluster-randomized trial involving 31 UK paediatric centres. Participants were recruited prior to stratified centre randomization. Intervention centres delivered KICk-OFF courses, whereas control centres delivered usual care. Participants were 11-16 years of age and had Type 1 diabetes for at least one year. The KICk-OFF course was delivered by trained educators to eight participants per course. Glycaemic control and quality of life were measured at baseline, 6, 12 and 24 months. Secondary outcomes were hypoglycaemia, ketoacidosis, fear of hypoglycaemia and diabetes self-efficacy.
Results: Three hundred and ninety-six participants provided baseline data (199 intervention and 197 control). At 6 and 12 months the intervention group showed significantly improved total generic quality of life scores compared with controls (baseline: 80 vs. 82; 6 months: 82 vs. 82; P = 0.04). Across the whole intervention group mean HbA1c levels were not significantly different from controls; baseline HbA1c mean (95% confidence interval), 78 mmol/mol (75-81) vs. 76 mmol/mol (74-79) [9.3% (9-9.6%) vs. 9.1% (8.9-9.4%); 24 months: 77 mmol/mol (74-79) vs. 78 mmol/mol (75-81) (9.2% (8.9-9.4%) vs. 9.3% (9-9.6%)], adjusted mean difference, -2.0 mmol/mol (6.5-2.5) [2.3% (-2.7% to 2.4%)], P = 0.38.
Conclusions: Attending a KICk-OFF course was associated with significantly improved total quality of life scores within 6 months. Glycaemic control, as measured by HbA1c , was no different at 24 months. (Clinical Trial Registry No: ISRCTN3704268).
© 2015 The Authors. Diabetic Medicine © 2015 Diabetes UK.