Aims: This study was designed to demonstrate the protective effects of Bifidobacterium longum BBMN68-specific modulated dendritic cells (DCs) on allergic inflammation in β-lactoglobulin (BLG)-sensitized mice.
Methods and results: BALB/c mice were sensitized to BLG in accordance with a model of food allergy protocol and given oral BBMN68 daily. BBMN68 was found to significantly reduce BLG-specific hypersensitivity reactions by suppressing the aberrant balance of Th1/Th2 responses with increasing the number of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg cells in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) by 48·1%. The level of CD103+DCs was up-regulated by 136·7 and 56·2% in payer's patches and MLN, respectively, in response to the lower expression levels of cell-surface molecules (CD86 and MHC-II) induced by BBMN68 supplementation. The CD11c+DCs isolated from BBMN68 mice showed 45·6% more Foxp3+ expression in vitro.
Conclusions: These data suggest that BBMN68-specific induction of CD11c+CD103+DCs and semi-mature DCs reduce BLG allergic reactions.
Significance and impact of the study: These data confirm that BBMN68 may be a suitable therapeutic approach to the alleviation of food allergies, and BBMN68-specific induction of CD11c+CD103+DCs and semi-mature DCs are associated with this protection.
Keywords: Bifidobacterium longum BBMN68; T regulatory cell; cow milk allergy; dendritic cell; oral tolerance.
© 2015 The Society for Applied Microbiology.