HIV Risk Behaviors Among Latina Women Tested for HIV in Florida by Country of Birth, 2012

J Immigr Minor Health. 2016 Oct;18(5):1104-1114. doi: 10.1007/s10903-015-0260-7.

Abstract

Latina women in the United States (US) are disproportionately affected by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Data are limited on the risk differences in HIV among Latinas by country of birth. This paper describes the risk behaviors among Latina women tested for HIV at public sites in Florida. Multivariate logistic regression was used to assess the demographic characteristics associated with the report of specific risk behaviors. Results indicate that foreign-born Latina women were 54 % less likely to report partner risk [95 % confidence interval (CI) 0.40, 0.54] than US-born Latina women. Reported risk behaviors varied by race/ethnicity, US-born versus foreign-born status, and by Latina country of origin. Knowledge of these differences can aid in targeting HIV prevention messaging, program decision-making, and allocation of resources, corresponding to the central approach of High Impact Prevention and the National HIV/AIDS Strategy.

Keywords: Foreign-born; HIV; High Impact Prevention; Latinas; Risk behaviors.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Emigrants and Immigrants / psychology*
  • Ethnic Groups / psychology
  • Female
  • Florida
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / ethnology*
  • Hispanic Americans / psychology*
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Middle Aged
  • Perception
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk-Taking
  • Sexual Behavior / ethnology*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States
  • Young Adult