Factors associated with loss to follow-up in women undergoing repair for obstetric fistula in Guinea

Trop Med Int Health. 2015 Nov;20(11):1454-1461. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12584. Epub 2015 Aug 27.


Objectives: To analyse the trend of loss to follow-up over time and identify factors associated with women being lost to follow-up after discharge in three fistula repair hospitals in Guinea.

Methods: This retrospective cohort study used data extracted from medical records of fistula repairs conducted from 1 January 2007 to 30 September 2013. A woman was considered lost to follow-up if she did not return within 4 months post-discharge. Factors associated with loss to follow-up were identified using a subsample of the data covering the period 2010-2013.

Results: Over the study period, the proportion of loss to follow-up was 21.5% (448/2080) and varied across repair hospitals and over time with an increase from 2% in 2009 to 52% in 2013. After adjusting for other variables in a multivariate logistic regression model, women who underwent surgery at Labe hospital and at Kissidougou hospital were more likely to be lost to follow-up than women operated at Jean Paul II hospital (OR: 50.6; 95% CI: 24.9-102.8) and (OR: 11.5; 95% CI: 6.1-22.0), respectively. Women with their fistula closed at hospital discharge (OR: 3.2; 95% CI: 2.1-4.8) and women admitted for repair in years 2011-2013 showed higher loss to follow-up as compared to 2010. Finally, loss to follow-up increased by 2‰ for each additional kilometre of distance a client lived from the repair hospital (OR: 1.002; 95% CI: 1.001-1.003).

Conclusion: Reimbursement of transport was the likely reason for change over time of LTFU. Reducing geographical barriers to care for women with fistula could sustain fistula care positive outcomes.

Keywords: Conakry; Fistula care; Guinea; Guinée Conakry; Obstetric fistula; fistula obstétrica; fistule obstétricale; loss to follow-up; perte au suivi; pérdida durante el seguimiento; reparación de fístula; soins de la fistule.