Prediction of colorectal cancer diagnosis based on circulating plasma proteins

EMBO Mol Med. 2015 Sep;7(9):1166-78. doi: 10.15252/emmm.201404873.


Non-invasive detection of colorectal cancer with blood-based markers is a critical clinical need. Here we describe a phased mass spectrometry-based approach for the discovery, screening, and validation of circulating protein biomarkers with diagnostic value. Initially, we profiled human primary tumor tissue epithelia and characterized about 300 secreted and cell surface candidate glycoproteins. These candidates were then screened in patient systemic circulation to identify detectable candidates in blood plasma. An 88-plex targeting method was established to systematically monitor these proteins in two large and independent cohorts of plasma samples, which generated quantitative clinical datasets at an unprecedented scale. The data were deployed to develop and evaluate a five-protein biomarker signature for colorectal cancer detection.

Keywords: colorectal cancer; diagnostic protein biomarker; discovery‐driven and targeted proteomics.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques / methods*
  • Colorectal Neoplasms / diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Mass Spectrometry / methods*
  • Plasma / chemistry*


  • Biomarkers, Tumor