Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery: Evidence of Criterion Validity From Patients With Aphasia

J Neurol Sci. 2015 Oct 15;357(1-2):246-51. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2015.07.045. Epub 2015 Jul 31.

Abstract

Background: The Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery - Brazilian version (MTL-BR) provides a general description of language processing and related components in adults with brain injury.

Objective: The present study aimed at verifying the criterion-related validity of the Montreal-Toulouse Language Assessment Battery - Brazilian version (MTL-BR) by assessing its ability to discriminate between individuals with unilateral brain damage with and without aphasia.

Methods: The investigation was carried out in a Brazilian community-based sample of 104 adults, divided into four groups: 26 participants with left hemisphere damage (LHD) with aphasia, 25 participants with right hemisphere damage (RHD), 28 with LHD non-aphasic, and 25 healthy adults.

Results: There were significant differences between patients with aphasia and the other groups on most total and subtotal scores on MTL-BR tasks.

Conclusions: The results showed strong criterion-related validity evidence for the MTL-BR Battery, and provided important information regarding hemispheric specialization and interhemispheric cooperation. Future research is required to search for additional evidence of sensitivity, specificity and validity of the MTL-BR in samples with different types of aphasia and degrees of language impairment.

Keywords: Adults; Aphasia; Assessment; Language tests; Stroke.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aphasia / diagnosis*
  • Aphasia / epidemiology*
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Language Tests / standards*
  • Language*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stroke / diagnosis
  • Stroke / epidemiology