Prenatal evaluation of atelencephaly

Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Jan;46(1):145-7. doi: 10.1007/s00247-015-3440-7. Epub 2015 Aug 11.


Atelencephaly is a rare lethal congenital brain malformation characterized by underdevelopment of the prosencephalon and is often accompanied by the facial features seen in some cases of holoprosencephaly, such as cyclopia. We report a case of atelencephaly in the fetus with characteristic ultrasound findings. In addition, we report the findings on fetal MRI, which have not been previously described in the literature.

Keywords: Atelencephaly; Brain; Fetus; Magnetic resonance imaging; Prosencephalon; Ultrasound.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Abnormalities, Multiple / diagnosis*
  • Anencephaly / diagnosis*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Echoencephalography / methods
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging / methods*
  • Male
  • Prosencephalon / abnormalities*
  • Prosencephalon / diagnostic imaging
  • Ultrasonography, Prenatal / methods*