Dynamic Optical Properties of CH₃NH₃PbI₃ Single Crystals As Revealed by One- and Two-Photon Excited Photoluminescence Measurements

J Am Chem Soc. 2015 Aug 26;137(33):10456-9. doi: 10.1021/jacs.5b04503. Epub 2015 Aug 14.


The dynamic optical properties of perovskite CH3NH3PbI3 single crystals were studied by means of time-resolved photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy at room temperature. The PL peak under one-photon excitation exhibits a red-shift with elapsing time, while two-photon PL is time-independent and appears at lower energy levels. The low-energy two-photon PL can be attributed to emissions from the localized states because of strong band-to-band absorption and photon re-absorption of the emitted light in the interior region. We revealed that the PL behaviors can be explained by the diffusion of photocarriers generated in the near-surface region to the interior region. The excitation fluence dependence of the one-photon PL dynamics is also discussed in terms of the electron-hole radiative recombination and carrier diffusion effects.