Latest Evidence on Alcohol and Pregnancy

Nurs Womens Health. 2015 Aug-Sep;19(4):338-44. doi: 10.1111/1751-486X.12219.


Alcohol increases risk for miscarriage, birth defects and other problems, and it is the sole cause of the range of physical, developmental and cognitive problems known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), which can affect up to 5 percent of all pregnancies. Many women report drinking early in pregnancy, often before they know they're pregnant. When knowledgeable of the latest research evidence, nurses can counsel women of the risks alcohol use poses to a healthy pregnancy.

Keywords: FASD; alcohol; drinking; fetal alcohol spectrum disorders; pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Female
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / pathology*
  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires