Women with an increased lifetime risk of ovarian cancer are advised to undergo risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) to reduce risk of adnexal cancer. We investigated the uptake of RRSO and evaluated the influence of personal medical history of (breast) cancer, risk-reducing mastectomy (RRM) and family history of ovarian and/or breast cancer on the RRSO decision. This single center retrospective observational cohort study was performed in a tertiary multidisciplinary clinic for hereditary cancer of the University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands. Women ≥35 years old with an estimated lifetime risk of ovarian cancer ≥10%, who had completed childbearing, were eligible for RRSO. Uptake and timing of RRSO were analyzed. Influence of personal medical history and family history on RRSO decision making, were evaluated with logistic regression. The study population consisted of 218 women (45.0% BRCA1 mutation carrier, 28.0% BRCA2 mutation carrier, 27.0% with familial susceptibility) with 87.2% RRSO uptake. The median age at RRSO was 44.5 (range 28-73) years. Of the women undergoing RRSO, 78.3% needed ≤3 consultations to reach this decision. Multivariable analysis showed a significant difference in RRSO uptake for women with a history of RRM [OR 3.66 95% CI (1.12-11.98)], but no significant difference in women with a history of breast cancer [OR 1.38 95% CI (0.50-3.79)], nor with a family history of ovarian and/or breast cancer [OR 1.10 95% CI (0.44-2.76)]. We conclude that RRSO counseling, without the alternative of screening, is effective. The uptake is increased in women with a history of RRM.
Keywords: BRCA1; BRCA2; Hereditary ovarian cancer; Prophylactic surgery uptake; Risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy.