Transcatheter aortic valve implantation in a patient with bicuspid aortic stenosis and a borderline-sized annulus

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2015 Nov;21(5):691-3. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivv226. Epub 2015 Aug 11.


Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is currently considered an exclusion criterion for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The risk of adverse aortic events such as incomplete sealing, severe paravalvular regurgitation or dislocation due to elliptic shape and asymmetric calcifications in annulus are higher in TAVI. In this case report, we detailed a case of successful trans-femoral TAVI in a 51-year old male with BAV and its management without in-hospital and 30-day complications. The challenge in this case was the patient's anatomy with a 27-mm annulus for balloon expandable device. The applied strategy was balloon sizing and overdilating the 29-mm stented valve with additional volume that obviated re-ballooning. Trans-femoral TAVI was performed uneventfully under fluoroscopic and transoesophageal echocardiography guidance. A multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) evaluation at 1 month did not show device dislodgement or any other complications. Evidence for evaluation post-TAVI is not sufficient in BAV. We believe patients with BAV should undergo a comprehensive assessment after TAVI including MDCT evaluation.

Keywords: Bicuspid valve; Severe aortic stenosis; Transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve / abnormalities*
  • Aortic Valve / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Valve / surgery
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / diagnosis
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Bicuspid Aortic Valve Disease
  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Heart Valve Diseases / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Valve Diseases / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multidetector Computed Tomography
  • Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement / methods*