Sexual Harassment, Bullying, and School Outcomes for High School Girls and Boys

Violence Against Women. 2016 Jan;22(1):112-33. doi: 10.1177/1077801215599079. Epub 2015 Aug 12.


A comparison of the impact of bullying and sexual harassment on five school outcomes was conducted on a sample of high school students. Results revealed that sexual harassment was a stronger predictor than bullying of all school outcomes for both sexes, but especially for girls. This study suggests that sexual harassment, which activates sexist and heterosexist stereotypes, erodes school engagement, alienates students from teachers, and adversely affects academic achievement, to a greater degree than bullying does.

Keywords: bullying; gender differences; school outcomes; sexual harassment.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology*
  • Aggression / psychology
  • Bullying / prevention & control*
  • Dominance-Subordination
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • School Health Services / organization & administration
  • Sexual Harassment / prevention & control*
  • Sexual Harassment / psychology
  • Social Perception
  • Students / psychology*
  • Students / statistics & numerical data
  • Surveys and Questionnaires