Final overall survival and safety analysis of OCEANS, a phase 3 trial of chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab in patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer

Gynecol Oncol. 2015 Oct;139(1):10-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2015.08.004. Epub 2015 Aug 10.


Objective: OCEANS is a randomized, placebo (PL)-controlled, phase 3 trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of bevacizumab combined with gemcitabine+carboplatin (GC) for patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). The study met its primary endpoint, demonstrating improved progression-free survival with GC+bevacizumab compared with GC+PL. Herein, we describe results of final overall survival (OS) and updated safety.

Methods: Patients with recurrent platinum-sensitive ROC (recurring ≥6months after first-line platinum-based therapy) and measurable disease at baseline were randomized to receive GC+bevacizumab or GC+PL for 6-10cycles; PL or bevacizumab was then continued until disease progression. In this updated analysis, a Cox proportional hazards model was used to compare OS between the 2 treatment arms.

Results: At the data cutoff date (July 19, 2013), 353 patients (72.9%) had died. Median follow-up for OS was 58.2months in the experimental arm and 56.4months in the control arm. Consistent with interim analyses, median OS was comparable between arms (GC+bevacizumab: 33.6months; GC+PL: 32.9months; hazard ratio=0.95; log-rank p=0.65), and was consistent across all examined patient subgroups. The frequency and severity of adverse events were consistent with previous analyses; no new safety concerns were identified.

Conclusions: Results from final OS analysis of the phase 3 OCEANS study showed no significant difference in OS for patients treated with GC+bevacizumab compared with GC+PL.

Trial registration: NCT00434642.

Keywords: Bevacizumab; OCEANS; Ovarian cancer; Overall survival; Safety.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Multicenter Study
  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols / therapeutic use*
  • Bevacizumab / administration & dosage
  • Carboplatin / administration & dosage
  • Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial
  • Deoxycytidine / administration & dosage
  • Deoxycytidine / analogs & derivatives
  • Disease-Free Survival
  • Female
  • Gemcitabine
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Recurrence, Local / drug therapy*
  • Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial / drug therapy*
  • Ovarian Neoplasms / drug therapy*
  • Survival Rate


  • Deoxycytidine
  • Bevacizumab
  • Carboplatin
  • Gemcitabine

Associated data