Guideline for primary care management of headache in adults

Can Fam Physician. 2015 Aug;61(8):670-9.


Objective: To increase the use of evidence-informed approaches to diagnosis, investigation, and treatment of headache for patients in primary care.

Quality of evidence: A comprehensive search was conducted for relevant guidelines and systematic reviews published between January 2000 and May 2011. The guidelines were critically appraised using the AGREE (Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation) tool, and the 6 highest-quality guidelines were used as seed guidelines for the guideline adaptation process.

Main message: A multidisciplinary guideline development group of primary care providers and other specialists crafted 91 specific recommendations using a consensus process. The recommendations cover diagnosis, investigation, and management of migraine, tension-type, medication-overuse, and cluster headache.

Conclusion: A clinical practice guideline for the Canadian health care context was created using a guideline adaptation process to assist multidisciplinary primary care practitioners in providing evidence-informed care for patients with headache.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cluster Headache / diagnosis
  • Cluster Headache / therapy
  • Headache / diagnosis*
  • Headache / etiology*
  • Headache / therapy
  • Headache Disorders, Primary / diagnosis*
  • Headache Disorders, Primary / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Migraine Disorders / diagnosis
  • Migraine Disorders / therapy
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Primary Health Care / standards*
  • Tension-Type Headache / diagnosis
  • Tension-Type Headache / therapy

Personal name as subject

  • Karl Friedrich Meyer