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. 2016 Jan;37(1):1105-12.
doi: 10.1007/s13277-015-3904-2. Epub 2015 Aug 15.

Association of GRM4 Gene Polymorphisms With Susceptibility and Clinicopathological Characteristics of Osteosarcoma in Guangxi Chinese Population

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Association of GRM4 Gene Polymorphisms With Susceptibility and Clinicopathological Characteristics of Osteosarcoma in Guangxi Chinese Population

Kun Wang et al. Tumour Biol. .

Abstract

Osteosarcoma is the most frequent malignant primary bone tumor. GRM4 is expressed in human osteosarcoma cells, and high expression of mGluR4 in osteosarcoma tissues is related to poor prognosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between polymorphism of the GRM4 gene and the susceptibility to osteosarcoma in a Chinese population. In a case-control study, we investigated polymorphisms in the GRM4 gene (rs2229901, rs733457, and rs1906953) with a real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay (TaqMan). The study was conducted with 126 Chinese patients with osteosarcoma and 168 Chinese subjects in a control group. Unconditional logistic regression was used to analyze the correlation between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and osteosarcoma risk. Different survival rates of different genotypic patients with osteosarcoma were analyzed through Kaplan-Meier. There were statistically significant differences in the distributions of the rs1906953 genotypes between the cases and control group (P = 0.034). However, there was no remarkable difference in the three genotypes of GRM4 gene rs2229901 locus between the patient group and control group (P = 0.369). Survival analysis for rs1906953 showed that the median survival time of osteosarcoma patients with the CC genotype was significantly shorter compared to the CT and TT genotypes; patients carrying CC genotype have apparently got a decrease in their recurrence-free survival time in comparison with patients carrying TT genotype. Our data suggest that GRM4 gene polymorphism is closely related to the morbidity and metastasis of osteosarcoma in a Chinese population.

Keywords: Clinicopathological characteristics; GRM4; Osteosarcoma; Single nucleotide polymorphism.

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