Taenia solium in Europe: Still endemic?

Acta Trop. 2017 Jan;165:96-99. doi: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2015.08.006. Epub 2015 Aug 12.

Abstract

The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, causes an important economic and health burden, mainly in rural or marginalized communities of sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin-America. Although improved pig rearing conditions seem to have eliminated the parasite in most Western European countries, little is known about the true endemicity status of T. solium throughout Europe. Three recent reviews indicate that autochthonous human T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis may be possible in Europe, but that current peer-reviewed literature is biased towards Western Europe. Officially reported data on porcine cysticercosis are highly insufficient. Favourable conditions for local T. solium transmission still exist in eastern parts of Europe, although the ongoing integration of the European Union is speeding up modernisation and intensification of the pig sector. Further evidence is urgently needed to fill the gaps on the European T. solium endemicity map. We urge to make human cysticercosis notifiable and to improve the reporting of porcine cysticercosis.

Keywords: Cysticercosis; Epidemiology; Europe; Neurocysticercosis; Taenia solium; Taeniasis.

MeSH terms

  • Animal Husbandry
  • Animals
  • Anticestodal Agents / therapeutic use
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / prevention & control
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / transmission
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / veterinary*
  • Europe / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Prevalence
  • Public Health
  • Red Meat / parasitology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Rural Health
  • Rural Population
  • Swine / parasitology*
  • Swine Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Swine Diseases / parasitology*
  • Swine Diseases / transmission
  • Taenia solium / isolation & purification*
  • Taeniasis / epidemiology
  • Taeniasis / parasitology
  • Taeniasis / transmission
  • Taeniasis / veterinary*
  • Zoonoses

Substances

  • Anticestodal Agents