It is unknown if cholecalciferol is able to modify defects in regulatory T cells (Tregs) in type 1 diabetes (T1D). In this randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled trial 30 young patients with new-onset T1D were assigned to cholecalciferol (70IU/kgbodyweight/day) or placebo for 12months. Tregs were determined by FACS-analysis and functional tests were assessed with ex vivo suppression co-cultures at months 0, 3, 6 and 12. Suppressive capacity of Tregs increased (p<0.001) with cholecalciferol from baseline (-1.59±25.6%) to 3 (30.5±39.4%), 6 (44.6±23.8%) and 12months (37.2±25.0%) and change of suppression capacity from baseline to 12months was significantly higher (p<0.05) with cholecalciferol (22.2±47.2%) than placebo (-16.6±21.1%). Serum calcium and parathormone stayed within normal range. This is the first study, which showed that cholecalciferol improved suppressor function of Tregs in patients with T1D and vitamin D could serve as one possible agent in the development of immunomodulatory combination therapies for T1D.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01390480.
Keywords: Cholecalciferol; Randomized controlled trial; Regulatory T cells; Suppressive capacity; Type 1 diabetes; Vitamin D.
Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.