Global dimensions of chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology (CKDu): a modern era environmental and/or occupational nephropathy?

BMC Nephrol. 2015 Aug 19;16:145. doi: 10.1186/s12882-015-0105-6.
No abstract available

MeSH terms

  • Aristolochic Acids / adverse effects
  • Arsenic / toxicity
  • Cadmium / toxicity*
  • Central America / epidemiology
  • Egypt / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Lead / toxicity*
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Plant Preparations / adverse effects
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / epidemiology*
  • Renal Insufficiency, Chronic / etiology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sri Lanka / epidemiology

Substances

  • Aristolochic Acids
  • Plant Preparations
  • Cadmium
  • Lead
  • aristolochic acid I
  • Arsenic