Validation of the Spanish Version of the Face Name Associative Memory Exam (S-FNAME) in Cognitively Normal Older Individuals

Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2015 Nov;30(7):712-20. doi: 10.1093/arclin/acv050. Epub 2015 Aug 18.


The Face Name Associative Memory Exam (FNAME) is a paired associative memory test that has demonstrated sensitivity to amyloid burden in cognitively normal individuals, a biomarker of preclinical Alzheimer's disease. Normative data adjusted for age were reported in American healthy individuals older than 57. We aimed to report the psychometric characteristics of a Spanish version of FNAME (S-FNAME) when administered to Spanish-speaking people. We sought to investigate convergent validity of S-FNAME with another memory measure and to identify which demographic characteristics might be associated with performance on S-FNAME. We administered the S-FNAME to 110 literate, cognitively normal, Spanish individuals older than 49 years from the Memory Clinic Fundació ACE. Construct validity of S-FNAME showed 2 components: face-name and face-occupation. A significant correlation between S-FNAME and Word List from the WMS-III supported convergent validity. The S-FNAME was also associated with age and gender. Thus, we provide normative data for age and gender.

Keywords: Episodic memory; FNAME; Instrument validation; Preclinical Alzheimer's disease.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Aging
  • Association Learning / physiology*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Face
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Memory / physiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Names*
  • Neuropsychological Tests
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Translations*