Psychometric Properties of the Cyberbullying Test, a Screening Instrument to Measure Cybervictimization, Cyberaggression, and Cyberobservation

J Interpers Violence. 2017 Dec;32(23):3556-3576. doi: 10.1177/0886260515600165. Epub 2015 Aug 19.


The purpose of the study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Cyberbullying Test. The sample included 3,026 participants from the Basque Country (northern Spain), aged 12 to 18 years. Results confirmed high internal consistency and moderate temporal stability. Exploratory factor analysis yielded three moderately correlated factors (cyberobserver, cyberaggressor, and cybervictim). Confirmatory factor analysis ratified adequate model fit of the three factors. Convergent and discriminant validity were confirmed: (a) cybervictims use a variety of conflict resolution strategies, scoring high in neuroticism, openness, antisocial behavior, emotional attention, school-academic problems, shyness-withdrawal, psychopathological disorders, anxiety, and psychosomatic complaints, and low in agreeableness, responsibility, self-esteem, and social adjustment and (b) cyberaggressors use many aggressive conflict resolution strategies, scoring high in neuroticism, antisocial behavior, school-academic problems, psychopathological and psychosomatic disorders, and low in empathy, agreeableness, responsibility, emotion regulation, and social adjustment. The study confirms the test's reliability and validity.

Keywords: adolescence; assessment; cyberbullying; instrumental study.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Aggression / psychology*
  • Child
  • Crime Victims / psychology*
  • Crime Victims / statistics & numerical data*
  • Cyberbullying / psychology*
  • Cyberbullying / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emotions
  • Factor Analysis, Statistical
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Psychometrics
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Self Concept
  • Social Adjustment
  • Social Behavior
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires / statistics & numerical data*