Methods to Improve the Selection and Tailoring of Implementation Strategies

J Behav Health Serv Res. 2017 Apr;44(2):177-194. doi: 10.1007/s11414-015-9475-6.


Implementing behavioral health interventions is a complicated process. It has been suggested that implementation strategies should be selected and tailored to address the contextual needs of a given change effort; however, there is limited guidance as to how to do this. This article proposes four methods (concept mapping, group model building, conjoint analysis, and intervention mapping) that could be used to match implementation strategies to identified barriers and facilitators for a particular evidence-based practice or process change being implemented in a given setting. Each method is reviewed, examples of their use are provided, and their strengths and weaknesses are discussed. The discussion includes suggestions for future research pertaining to implementation strategies and highlights these methods' relevance to behavioral health services and research.

MeSH terms

  • Evidence-Based Practice*
  • Health Services Needs and Demand*
  • Humans
  • Mental Health Services*
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Research