Rationale, Design, and Methods for Process Evaluation in the Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration Project

J Nutr Educ Behav. 2015 Nov-Dec;47(6):560-565.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jneb.2015.07.002. Epub 2015 Aug 19.


Objective: The cross-site process evaluation plan for the Childhood Obesity Research Demonstration (CORD) project is described here.

Design: The CORD project comprises 3 unique demonstration projects designed to integrate multi-level, multi-setting health care and public health interventions over a 4-year funding period.

Setting: Three different communities in California, Massachusetts, and Texas.

Participants: All CORD demonstration projects targeted 2-12-year-old children whose families are eligible for benefits under Title XXI (CHIP) or Title XIX (Medicaid).

Intervention(s): The CORD projects were developed independently and consisted of evidence-based interventions that aim to prevent childhood obesity. The interventions promote healthy behaviors in children by applying strategies in 4 key settings (primary care clinics, early care and education centers, public schools, and community institutions).

Main outcome measure(s): The CORD process evaluation outlined 3 main outcome measures: reach, dose, and fidelity, on 2 levels (researcher to provider, and provider to participant).

Analysis: The plan described here provides insight into the complex nature of process evaluation for consortia of independently designed multi-level, multi-setting intervention studies. The process evaluation results will provide contextual information about intervention implementation and delivery with which to interpret other aspects of the program.

Keywords: childhood obesity; dose; fidelity; methods; process evaluation; reach.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Health Promotion / methods*
  • Humans
  • Pediatric Obesity / prevention & control*
  • Program Evaluation / methods*
  • Research Design
  • United States