Use of the Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination in infants with cerebral palsy: a critical review of the literature

Dev Med Child Neurol. 2016 Mar;58(3):240-5. doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12876. Epub 2015 Aug 25.


The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) has been proposed as one of the early neurological examination tools for the diagnosis of cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of the present study was to critically review the existing literature and our experience with the use of the HINE in infants at risk of CP. The published papers confirm that the HINE can play an important role in the diagnosis and prognosis of infants at risk of developing CP, and provide information on aspects of neurological findings impaired in different forms of CP and brain lesions.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Palsy / diagnosis*
  • Early Diagnosis*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Neurologic Examination / methods*
  • Neurologic Examination / standards