Prevalence of coenurosis in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs in Ngorongoro District, Tanzania

Trop Anim Health Prod. 2015 Dec;47(8):1591-7. doi: 10.1007/s11250-015-0903-7. Epub 2015 Aug 26.


Prevalence of Coenurus cerebralis prevalence was assessed in sheep and goats at three slaughter slabs in Ngorongoro district, Tanzania. Predisposing factors were also determined by using a structured questionnaire. Between January 2013 and April 2013, a total of 180 heads (90 sheep and 90 goats) were collected and examined for the presences of C. cerebralis cysts. Out of 180 heads examined, 80 were found to be infected with C. cerebralis. Lack of knowledge in the community on how coenurosis occurs, free access of dogs to the carcasses/offal of small ruminants and inadequate animal health services for dogs especially worm control were major factors which contribute to persistence of coenurosis. This study, in Ngorongoro district, reports for the first time the occurrence and prevalence of coenurosis in slaughtered sheep and goats due to Taenia multiceps metacestode (C. cerebralis). It is recommended that more studies are undertaken in order to pave the way for developing preliminary coenurosis control guidelines and for sign posting the direction for future research.

Keywords: Canis familiaris; Coenurosis; Cyst; Ngorongoro ecosystem; Risk factors; Taenia multiceps; Tanzania.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Husbandry / methods
  • Animals
  • Brain / parasitology
  • Cestode Infections / epidemiology
  • Cestode Infections / veterinary*
  • Dogs
  • Female
  • Goat Diseases / epidemiology
  • Goat Diseases / parasitology*
  • Goats / parasitology*
  • Male
  • Prevalence
  • Red Meat / parasitology*
  • Sheep
  • Sheep Diseases / epidemiology
  • Sheep Diseases / parasitology*
  • Sheep, Domestic / parasitology*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Taenia
  • Tanzania / epidemiology