Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) syndromes are a group of clinically heterogeneous disorders of the peripheral nervous system. Mutations of mitofusin 2 (MFN2) have been recognized to be associated with CMT type 2A (CMT2A). CMT2A is primarily an axonal disorder resulting in motor and sensory neuropathy. We report a male child with psychomotor delay, dysmorphic features, and weakness of lower limbs associated with electrophysiological features of severe, sensory-motor, axonal neuropathy. The patient was diagnosed with early onset CMT2A and severe psychomotor retardation associated with c.310C>T mutation (p.R104W) in MFN2 gene. CMT2A should be considered in patients with both axonal sensory-motor neuropathy and developmental delay.
Keywords: Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 2A; MFN2; electrophysiological study; global developmental delay.
© 2015 Peripheral Nerve Society.