Recruitment Pattern in a Complete Cerebral Arterial Circle

J Biomech Eng. 2015 Nov;137(11):111004. doi: 10.1115/1.4031469.


Blood flow through a vessel depends upon compliance and resistance. Resistance changes dynamically due to vasoconstriction and vasodilation as a result of metabolic activity, thus allowing for more or less flow to a particular area. The structure responsible for directing blood to the different areas of the brain and supplying the increase flow is the cerebral arterial circle (CAC). A series of 1D equations were utilized to model propagating flow and pressure waves from the left ventricle of the heart to the CAC. The focus of the current research was to understand the collateral capability of the circle. This was done by decreasing the peripheral resistance in each of the efferent arteries, up to 10% both unilaterally and bilaterally. The collateral patterns were then analyzed. After the initial 60 simulations, it became apparent that flow could increase beyond the scope of a 10% reduction and still be within in vivo conditions. Simulations with higher percentage decreases were performed such that the same amount of flow increase would be induced through each of the efferent arteries separately, same flow tests (SFTs), as well as those that were found to allow for the maximum flow increase through the stimulated artery, maximum flow tests (MFTs). The collateral pattern depended upon which efferent artery was stimulation and if the stimulation was unilaterally or bilaterally induced. With the same amount of flow increase through each of the efferent arteries, the MCAs (middle cerebral arteries) had the largest impact on the collateral capability of the circle, both unilaterally and bilaterally.

MeSH terms

  • Cerebral Veins / physiology
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation*
  • Circle of Willis / physiology*
  • Models, Biological*