National, State, and Selected Local Area Vaccination Coverage Among Children Aged 19-35 Months - United States, 2014

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2015 Aug 28;64(33):889-96. doi: 10.15585/mmwr.mm6433a1.


The reduction in morbidity and mortality associated with vaccine-preventable diseases in the United States has been described as one of the 10 greatest public health achievements of the first decade of the 21st century. A recent analysis concluded that routine childhood vaccination will prevent 322 million cases of disease and about 732,000 early deaths among children born during 1994-2013, for a net societal cost savings of $1.38 trillion. The National Immunization Survey (NIS) has monitored vaccination coverage among U.S. children aged 19-35 months since 1994. This report presents national, regional, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage estimates for children born from January 2011 through May 2013, based on data from the 2014 NIS. For most vaccinations, there was no significant change in coverage between 2013 and 2014. The exception was hepatitis A vaccine (HepA), for which increases were observed in coverage with both ≥1 and ≥2 doses. As in previous years, <1% of children received no vaccinations. National coverage estimates indicate that the Healthy People 2020 target* of 90% was met for ≥3 doses of poliovirus vaccine (93.3%), ≥1 dose of measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine (MMR) (91.5%), ≥3 doses of hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) (91.6%), and ≥1 dose of varicella vaccine (91.0%). Coverage was below target for ≥4 doses of diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine (DTaP), the full series of Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine, hepatitis B (HepB) birth dose,† ≥4 doses pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), ≥2 doses of HepA, the full series of rotavirus vaccine, and the combined vaccine series.§ Examination of coverage by child's race/ethnicity revealed lower estimated coverage among non-Hispanic black children compared with non-Hispanic white children for several vaccinations, including DTaP, the full series of Hib, PCV, rotavirus vaccine, and the combined series. Children from households classified as below the federal poverty level had lower estimated coverage for almost all of the vaccinations assessed, compared with children living at or above the poverty level. Significant variation in coverage by state¶ was observed for several vaccinations, including HepB birth dose, HepA, and rotavirus. High vaccination coverage must be maintained across geographic and sociodemographic groups if progress in reducing the impact of vaccine-preventable diseases is to be sustained.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Capsules
  • Chickenpox Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Child, Preschool
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Ethnicity / statistics & numerical data
  • Haemophilus Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine / administration & dosage
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Poliovirus Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • Poverty / statistics & numerical data
  • Rotavirus Vaccines / administration & dosage
  • United States
  • Vaccination / statistics & numerical data*
  • Vaccines, Conjugate / administration & dosage


  • Chickenpox Vaccine
  • Diphtheria-Tetanus-Pertussis Vaccine
  • Haemophilus Vaccines
  • Haemophilus influenzae type b polysaccharide vaccine
  • Hepatitis A Vaccines
  • Hepatitis B Vaccines
  • Measles-Mumps-Rubella Vaccine
  • Pneumococcal Vaccines
  • Poliovirus Vaccines
  • Rotavirus Vaccines
  • Vaccines, Conjugate