Key principles of miRNA involvement in human diseases

Discoveries (Craiova). Oct-Dec 2014;2(4):e34. doi: 10.15190/d.2014.26.

Abstract

Although rapid progress in our understanding of the functions of miRNA has been made by experimentation and computational approach, a considerable effort still has to be done in determining the general principles that govern the miRNA's mode of action in human diseases. We will further discuss how these principles are being progressively approached by molecular studies, as well as the importance of miRNA in regulating different target genes and functions in specific biological contexts. There is a great demand to understand the principles of context - specific miRNA target recognition in order to design future experiments and models of normal developmental and disease states.

Keywords: biomarkers; gene targeted therapy; miRNA; microRNA.