[Evaluation of left ventricular function after myocardial infarct using equilibrium radionuclide angiography. 1-year follow-up]

Rev Port Cardiol. 1989 Jan;8(1):19-26.
[Article in Portuguese]


Objective: To study the evolution of left ventricular (LV) function in the 1st year after acute myocardial infarction (MI) and to define its prognostic significance.

Design: Patients recovering from acute MI submitted to evaluation of LV function by equilibrium radionuclide angiography (RNA) at the time of discharge, three months later and at 12 months of follow-up.

Patients and methods: 93 patients suffering an acute transmural MI were submitted to equilibrium RNA. Studies were taken at time of discharge, 3 and 12 months of follow-up. 19 patients had just the 1st study; in 14 the one year follow-up study was not performed. The other 60 include the group submitted to 1 year follow-up. We used the technic of labelled erytrocites in vivo, with acquisition of the blood pool gated with EKG in left lateral. PAGE protocol from GE has been used for processing of images.

Results: Mean global ejection fraction (EF) was 20.6 +/- 8.5% for anterior MI with LV failure and 40.2 +/- 14.5% for those without failure; in inferior MI it was 49.9 +/- 12.3% and for combined MI 30.3 +/- 9.5%. The differences between these values are statistically significant. For the 56 patients in which the 1st and 2nd examination were taken we found no significant differences between the mean values for global EF in the 4 groups previously considered. Conversely, we couldn't find a significant difference between the mean EF in the 4 groups, when we compared the values of early (1st and 2nd examinations) test with those of 12 months follow-up. 10 patients (10.8%) died in the 1 year follow-up. All had global EF lower than normal: 33% of deaths in the group with EF less than 20%; 14% in the subset with EF between 20 and 30%; 8% in the sub-group with EF between 30 and 45%. As far as regional motion is concerned we noticed that changes include both the necrotic and the spared areas. We didn't found significant differences between the contribution of necrotic and viable myocardium to the positive or negative variation of global EF, in the 4 groups of infarction considered. Apical segment seems to have an important contribution for global EF changes, both in anterior and inferior MI.

Conclusion: In this group of patients with acute MI, followed for 12 months, we noticed a higher degree of LV dysfunction in the group of anterior MI. The values of LVEF measured early after the acute attach, usually at hospital discharge are stable along the follow-up, unless major cardiac episodes develop. All the deaths along the one year follow-up had LV dysfunction with EF below 45%. Prognostic "quod vitam" worsened while EF decreased, with a death rate of 33% in the sub-group with global EF less than 20%, and 28% considering those with EF below 30%. In relation with regional motion we found that changes may be elicited both in the necrotic and spared segments. We emphasize the contribution of the apical area to the changes in global EF.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gated Blood-Pool Imaging*
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Infarction / diagnostic imaging
  • Myocardial Infarction / mortality
  • Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*
  • Stroke Volume*