Transcriptome sequencing and development of an expression microarray platform for liver infection in adenovirus type 5-infected Syrian golden hamsters

Virology. 2015 Nov;485:305-12. doi: 10.1016/j.virol.2015.07.024. Epub 2015 Aug 28.

Abstract

The Syrian golden hamster is an attractive animal for research on infectious diseases and other diseases. We report here the sequencing, assembly, and annotation of the Syrian hamster transcriptome. We include transcripts from ten pooled tissues from a naïve hamster and one stimulated with lipopolysaccharide. Our data set identified 42,707 non-redundant transcripts, representing 34,191 unique genes. Based on the transcriptome data, we generated a custom microarray and used this new platform to investigate the transcriptional response in the Syrian hamster liver following intravenous adenovirus type 5 (Ad5) infection. We found that Ad5 infection caused a massive change in regulation of liver transcripts, with robust up-regulation of genes involved in the antiviral response, indicating that the innate immune response functions in the host defense against Ad5 infection of the liver. The data and novel platforms developed in this study will facilitate further development of this important animal model.

Keywords: Adenovirus; Antiviral response; Innate immunity; Liver; Microarray; Syrian hamster; Transcriptome.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / classification*
  • Adenoviridae / genetics*
  • Adenoviridae / immunology
  • Adenoviridae Infections / veterinary*
  • Animal Diseases / genetics*
  • Animal Diseases / immunology
  • Animal Diseases / virology*
  • Animals
  • Computational Biology
  • Cricetinae
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class II / immunology
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / genetics
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions / immunology
  • Liver / metabolism*
  • Liver / virology*
  • Molecular Sequence Annotation
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Transcriptome*

Substances

  • Histocompatibility Antigens Class II