Farmworker Housing in the United States and Its Impact on Health

New Solut. 2015 Nov;25(3):263-86. doi: 10.1177/1048291115601053. Epub 2015 Aug 28.


Farmworkers in the United States occupy a range of housing, including both on- and off-farm family and communal dwellings. As the farmworker population is becoming more settled, housing needs are changing. Existing regulations designed originally for grower-supplied migrant housing may need to be expanded. Much of farmworker housing is in poor condition, and likely linked to negative mental and physical health outcomes of residents because of exposures to crowding; mold, mildew, and other allergens; pesticides; and structural deficiencies. The existing research literature, both on housing conditions and their associations with farmworker health, is sparse, and large areas of the country and significant domains of health are omitted. This paper reviews this literature and formulates research and policy recommendations for addressing these deficiencies.

Keywords: environmental health; housing; migrant labor.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agrochemicals
  • Allergens
  • Crowding / psychology
  • Environment
  • Farmers*
  • Health Status*
  • Housing / standards*
  • Humans
  • Occupational Exposure
  • Pest Control
  • Safety / standards
  • Sanitation / standards
  • Social Isolation / psychology
  • Transients and Migrants*
  • United States
  • Water Supply / standards


  • Agrochemicals
  • Allergens